Toros’ story

Toros’ story

My son Toros has suffered a head injury when he was 2 ½. He also was diagnosed with Autism when he was 4 years old and ever since we have tried many different therapies as well as vitamins and herbal supplements

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Migraines: The Story Behind the Pain

Migraines: The Story Behind the Pain

We all have days that are less than perfect. Heavy traffic, misplaced keys, lost wallets, the list is endless. Yet imagine having a headache so strong you cannot bear the idea of even opening your eyes, so severe you cannot even take care of yourself. For many people this nightmare is a reality.

Headaches which induce pain of sever intensity are normally called migraines. These manifest themselves for various reasons, some of them explicable, others not. What can be agreed on, however, is that various forms of treatment work better for some than others. To better understand the treatment, it is necessary to firts examine the problem.

THE DOSAGE OF HYPERBARIC OXYGEN IN CHRONIC BRAIN INJURY

THE DOSAGE OF HYPERBARIC OXYGEN IN CHRONIC BRAIN INJURY

Introduction

The concept of dosage of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) derives from the definition of HBOT as a drug. Using the broad definition of HBOT by Harch and Neubauer (1), HBOT is the use of greater than ambient pressure oxygen as a drug to treat basic pathophysiologic processes/states and their diseases. Drug dosage of HBOT, therefore, is a function of baseline or reference ambient pressure, depth of pressurization, duration, frequency, air breaks, surface interval, number of treatments, idiosyncratic genetic patient factors, and time to intervention in the disease process which determines the pathological targets. All of these factors cause HBOT to be a narrow-window drug in chronic brain injury similar to digoxin and coumadin: too litfie maybe ineffective and too much can be toxic. In addition, oxygen is a respiratory metabolite: ;too little has serious metabolic consequences and too much can cause metabolic fatigue. Determining the proper dosage in a given patient with a specific or multiple diseases can be difficult. Ultimately, one wants the best dosage that improves the patient while doing the least harm.